FANDO AND LIS

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Directed by:
Written by: ,
Starring: , ,

Fando and Lis
[1968]
Travelling through a bleak wasteland are Fando, who is impotent, and Lis, who is crippled. Both are scarred by bad childhood memories, Fando having had his father taken away by soldiers and maybe raped by a priest, and Lis having been abused by circus performers. Fando pushes Lis in a cart to which he chains her. They are searching for the lost city of Tar where Lis might be healed, despite encountering a wise old man who says Tar is wherever they want it to be. However, they have to encounter a wierd assortment of characters and Lis has to contend with Fando’s cruelty……..

Fando and Lis was the feature film debut of Alexandro Jodorowsky, who went on to make surreal cult favourites El Topo and The Holy Mountain, and was virtually lost for many years until released on DVD. Now I have have yet to see those films, besides odd clips, but I thought Fando and Lis was a fantastic piece of surreal cinema and if, as it seems, it is only a springboard for the full flowering of his crazy talent in his next two films El Topo and The Holy Mountain, then I am really in for a treat. Based only on a one page treatment of a half remembered play by Fernando Arrabal which he had performed many years before, and made on a shoestring budget, it apparently caused uproar when premiered at the Acapulco film festival and actually led to the director narrowly escaping death from an angry crowd who threw rocks at his car [not to mention also being accused of being a vampire!]. Jodorowsky was a member of the Panic Movement, who thought surrealism had become too ‘safe’ and were now bringing a punk-like feel and edge to it. Of course there had been the films of Luis Bunuel , but for the most part there was a point to them , in that they were mainly attacking the church and bourgouisie.   Jodorowsky’s berserk film didn’t really seem to have a point, at least at the time, and just seemed out to shock and confuse with no rhyme or reason, and I loved it!! I have been a great fan of Jodorowksy’s Santa Sangre for years but this makes that seem rather conventional [though there are many thematic similarities, such as traumatic childhoods, making me wonder what Jodorowksy’s own childhood was like!].

Of course anyone can just put a collection of wierd scenes on film. However, what Jodorowksy seems to be able to do, on top of the easily assimilated idea of a search for the meaning of life [which seems to be a major feature of the following two movies], though here the protagonists seem to be actually searching for the meaning of their life, is produce images and ideas which cleverly and sometimes subtly tap into all kinds of primal emotions, fears and desires, as if there is a kind of crazy logic to them. His story is actually quite simple, and is told in symbols, some obvious, some so opaque as to seem absurd. He appears to borrow from various religions, and there’s certainly a kind of drug influenced, hippie spirituality present , but it’s constantly undercut by a quite astonishing element of cruelty. Jodorowsky does share Bunuel’s dislike of the rich, and sometimes the symbolism is a bit too obvious [the vampire who takes blood from the poor], but more often you’re just wondering what it’s all about, while the imagery itself burns itself into the subconscious. There are virtually no special effects, and the minimal props give the film the feel of performance art at times rather than actual cinema, but I enjoyed the style after I spent about ten minutes getting used to it. Amongst the wierd things we see are a jazz band with a burning piano, dead men buried underground who come to life when the ground all turns to mud, old women playing poker and squeezing fruit into a young man’s mouth, a doll stabbed in the crotch and snakes oozing out, etc. There’s a slightly perverse sexual aspect to a lot of this, such as a wonderfully over the top bit where the couple paint each other and a room in black paint. By the way Jodorowsky does apparently explain all this in his commentary on the DVD, but I kind of like things being unexplained, atleast for a while.

The relationship between Fando and Lis is odd and disturbing [and reminded me of La Strada], as Fando chains Lis down, constantly says horrible things to her and twice drags her along the ground, but Lis’ calm and innocent devotion is quite moving, and there are a few really touching scenes between the two which give an emotional dimension to all the strangeness. I’m not saying that Fando’s treatment of Lis is being condoned by the director nor should be condoned by us, but there’s a real complexity about their relationship which kept me changing my mind constantly about it. There’s also some humour, odd humour but still humour nonetheless, such as when Fando and Lis are forced to wear each other’s clothes, or when Fando is repeatedly trying to make love to Lis. This is shown speeded up and with exaggerated reactions from the two, as if they were in a silent comedy film. This is one of the things I most liked about the film, as bizarre and uncompromising as it might be, it doesn’t seem heavy handed, there’s a light touch throughout despite the dark turns it takes. I also loved the jagged and barren landscapes which seem to give their own commentary on the proceedings.

Sergio Kleiner is extremely bland is Fando but Diana Mariscol is very effecting as Lis and neither were probably professional actors anyway. In technical terms Fando and Lis is awkward and erratic. We often go from sequences displaying superb editing and camera work to stuff that just looks plain amateurish. I’m not sure if it’s just Jodorowsky showing his inexperience, or some bits were rushed, or it was intentional in a Jean-Luc Godard kind-of way. In the end it doesn’t really matter. Fando and Lis is cinema on the edge, raw and uncompromising, an artist making the film he wants to make with no concessions whatsoever , especially to what his audience may think of it. It shows a filmmaker bursting with ideas and attempting to present these ideas of a very different way from the norm. Whether he succeeds totally is questionable, it’s possible that I just happened to be in the right frame of mind to enjoy it properly. It’s certainly not something I could put on at any given time, and it probably requires total assimilation [and maybe alcohol or something stronger?]. I can’t wait to see El Topo though, when I am indeed in the right frame of mind to appreciate it properly!

Rating: ★★★★★★★★☆☆

Dr Lenera
About Dr Lenera 2018 Articles

I’m a huge film fan and will watch pretty much any type of film, from Martial Arts to Westerns, from Romances [though I don’t really like Romcoms!]] to Historical Epics. Though I most certainly ‘have a life’, I tend to go to the cinema twice a week! However,ever since I was a kid, sneaking downstairs when my parents had gone to bed to watch old Universal and Hammer horror movies, I’ve always been especially fascinated by horror, and though I enjoy all types of horror films, those Golden Oldies with people like Boris Karloff and Christopher Lee probably remain my favourites. That’s not to say I don’t enjoy a bit of blood and gore every now and again though, and am also a huge fan of Italian horror, I just love the style.